In order to be issued a Canadian work permit, foreign workers and employers usually have to go through a two-step process. First, the applicant must apply a labor market impact assessment application to ESDC followed by a second application to CIC for the actual work permit.
The Labour Market Impact Assessment is released by ESDC which is authorizing the Canadian employer to recruit a foreign worker after considering various protective labor market factors.
Employers Criteria to qualify for a Labour Market Impact Assessment:
- For each LMIA application (unless the application is made solely in favor of permanent residency) a processing fee of CDN $1,000 applies.
- It also requires a CDN $100 Privilege Fee.
- English and French must be the only languages that can be classified as work requirements for both Labour Market Impact Assessment s and job vacancy ads unless the employer can explain that a different language is required.
- If their business hires temporary foreign employees, Canadian employers must swear that they are forbidden from laying off or that the hours of Canadians.
Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA):
Canada’s Labour Market Impact Assessment procedure serves as confirmation that no Canadian citizen or permanent resident is ready, willing, and able to fill a particular role in Canada, and thus requires the employer to recruit a foreign worker.
Employers must advertise the vacancy for at least four weeks in order to receive a Labour Market Impact Assessment, and theoretically interview applicants who are Canadian nationals or permanent resident.
Only then will the business be given the green light to employ a foreign worker, and only if the business will show that those interviewees have not met the job requirement.
Before starting work in Canada, the worker must then apply for a Canadian work permit, sponsored by the Labour Market Impact Assessment.